- Treatments & Services
- Consultants & Specialists
- Our Clinic
- Patient Information
- Funding Your Treatment
- Optom & GP Zone
- Contact Us
The continuous production and drainage of tears is important to the eye’s health. Tears keep the eye moist, help wounds heal and protect against infection. The tear film smoothes the surface of the cornea giving it a polished appearance and helping visual clarity.
Dry eye syndrome is very common, especially in women after the menopause.
Meibomian gland dysfunction has been identified as one of the main causes of dry eye syndrome. Tears are made mostly by the lacrimal gland (in the upper outer part of the eye socket). Tears leave the eye either by evaporation or drainage.
The tear drainage system runs from the inner corner of both eyelids and drains into the nose. Most commonly, dry eye is caused by excessive evaporation due to an insufficiency of the external lipid layer of the lacrymal film secreted by the Meibomian glands..
It can also occur due to eyelid problems such as blepharitis and meibomitis when the tear quality is poor. Dry eyes can occur in climates with dry air, as well as with the use of some drugs, including antihistamines, nasal decongestants, tranquillisers and anti-depressant drugs.
People with connective tissue diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis; can also develop dry eye. Dry eye syndrome is sometimes a symptom of Sjögren’s syndrome, a disease that attacks the body’s lubricating glands, causing dry eyes and dry mouth.
Patients with dry eye syndrome complain of chronic discomfort, usually described as a burning, gritty sensation. Some describe a scratchy or sandy feeling as if something is in the eye. Other symptoms include stinging, stringy discharge, heaviness, blurred vision or even watering (if the quality of the tears is poor).
The eyes can become red and loose its shiny appearance. You might also see stringy mucus strands and filaments. The tear film on the lower eyelid maybe reduced. The tear break up time may be rapid.
Adding a dye to the eye: fluorescein (orange) or lissamine (green) may identify dry/damaged areas on the cornea. A Schirmer’s test (the amount of moistening of a strip of blotting paper placed in contact with the inside of the lower eyelid) can measure the amount of tear production.
The latest treatment we are able to offer for dry eye syndrome is Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Therapy. IPL is a painless procedure and each treatment only takes a few minutes. It involves wearing shields to protect the eyes from the light. Then a thin layer of cooling gel is applied to the treatment area.
Next, a small handheld device is used to administer pulses of light to the eyelids and surrounding area. The stimulation leads to the meibomian glands returning to their normal function in a short time following the treatment. Three sessions are normally recommended.
Other treatments include lubricating drops or artificial tears. They are generally available over the counter as drops. Sterile ointments are sometimes used at night, but they can make the vision misty first thing in the morning.
Examples of artificial tears are: Hypromellose®, Liquifilm®, Tears Naturale®, Viscotears®, Hypotears® , Gel Tears® and ointments: Lacrilube®, Simple Eye Ointment® Each patient will prefer different drops, and will need them at different frequencies – from once daily right up to every 15 minutes.
The drops are often cheaper to buy than a prescription charge – but are available on prescription if necessary. Using humidifiers, wearing wrap around glasses when outside and avoiding outside windy and dry conditions may aid relief.
For people with severe cases of dry eye, temporary or permanent closure of the tear drains may be helpful. Some people even use swimming goggle type of protection to reduce evaporation.
Many people prefer Hyaluronic acid based drops and ointments like Vitapos which are more recent developments. Cyclosporine drops like Restasis® or Iverkis are also available for serious cases.
|The adiLP cookie is used to help track visitors who have multiple tabs open in the same browser to prevent errors in tracking.
|This cookie is set by software from ResponseTap. The software provides website owners with the ability to link website visitor behaviour to telephone calls made to the company as the result of a visit, in order to understand the effectiveness of the website in encouraging calls from customers.
|The adiV cookie contains an identifier which is used by AdInsight to track a visitor over time. This allows AdInsight to show multiple visits made by a customer over time from the same browser.
|The adiVi cookie contains an identifier which is used by AdInsight to help track a visitor’s path while they are on the website.
|This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Necessary".
|This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Non-necessary".
|The cookie is set by Facebook to show relevant advertisments to the users and measure and improve the advertisements. The cookie also tracks the behavior of the user across the web on sites that have Facebook pixel or Facebook social plugin.
|General-purpose platform session cookies that are used to maintain users' state across page requests.
|This cookie is used to a profile based on user's interest and display personalized ads to the users.
|This cookie is native to PHP applications. The cookie is used to store and identify a users' unique session ID for the purpose of managing user session on the website. The cookie is a session cookies and is deleted when all the browser windows are closed.
|This cookie is set by WordPress. The purpose of the cookie is to determine if the users' browser supports cookies.
|This cookie is set by Facebook to deliver advertisement when they are on Facebook or a digital platform powered by Facebook advertising after visiting this website.
|This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. The cookie is used to calculate visitor, session, campaign data and keep track of site usage for the site's analytics report. The cookies store information anonymously and assign a randomly generated number to identify unique visitors.
|This cookie is installed by Google Universal Analytics to throttle the request rate to limit the collection of data on high traffic sites.
|This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. The cookie is used to store information of how visitors use a website and helps in creating an analytics report of how the website is doing. The data collected including the number visitors, the source where they have come from, and the pages visited in an anonymous form.